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Friday, July 24, 2020 | History

4 edition of Adipose tissue and inflammation found in the catalog.

Adipose tissue and inflammation

Adipose tissue and inflammation

  • 354 Want to read
  • 38 Currently reading

Published by Taylor & Francis in Boca Raton .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Obesity -- Complications,
  • Inflammation,
  • Adipose tissues -- Pathophysiology,
  • Adipose Tissue -- physiopathology,
  • Adipose Tissue -- metabolism,
  • Inflammation -- metabolism,
  • Inflammation -- physiopathology,
  • Obesity -- physiopathology

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references and index.

    Statementeditors, Atif B. Awad, Peter G. Bradford.
    SeriesOxidative stress and disease -- 28, Oxidative stress and disease -- 28.
    ContributionsAwad, Atif B., Bradford, Peter G.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRC628 .A335 2010
    The Physical Object
    Paginationp. ;
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL23643382M
    ISBN 109781420091304
    LC Control Number2009029624

    Bottom Line: The expansion of adipose tissue produces a number of bioactive substances, known as adipocytokines or adipokines, which trigger chronic low-grade inflammation and interact with a range of processes in many different gh the precise mechanisms are still unclear, dysregulated production or secretion of these adipokines caused by excess adipose tissue and adipose tissue. Adipose tissue blood flow is reduced in obese nondiabetic and type 2 diabetic subjects, and this could lead to a defect in triglyceride clearance by adipocytes and FA spillover from adipose tissue Inflammation and macrophage infiltration intensify with increasing obesity .

    Tissue-specific microbial signatures were identified, with a higher 16S rRNA gene count in the liver and omental adipose tissue, which are part of the anatomical route from the gut to the liver. By contrast, the relative abundance of bacterial deposits in mesenterial and . Contribution of Adipose Tissue in Systemic Inflammation during Obesity. Adipose Tissue Depots and Adipokine Production. Adipokines and Adipose Tissue Cell Types. Adipokines, Macrophages, and the Biology of Adipocytes. Adipokines and Complications of Obesity. Adipokines and Weight Loss. Conclusions. ReferencesCited by: 1.

    This dissertation describes research in diet-induced obese mice that 1) provides a timeline of changes in body composition, hormonal and metabolic alterations, and the onset of inflammation in the liver and three adipose tissue depots; and 2) demonstrates that during an infectious disease, distant adipose tissue depots undergo changes in their Author: Kathryn Ann Cole. Title: Adipose Tissue Macrophages, Low Grade Inflammation and Insulin Resistance in Human Obesity VOLUME: 14 ISSUE: 12 Author(s):Leonie K. Heilbronn and Lesley V. Campbell Affiliation:Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Victoria St, Darlinghurst NSW , Australia. Keywords:Obesity, insulin resistance, inflammation, adipose tissue macrophages, type 2 diabetes.


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Adipose tissue and inflammation Download PDF EPUB FB2

Bringing together the research and findings of leading experts from across the world, Adipose Tissue and Inflammation focuses on the contribution of adipose tissue to local and systemic inflammation.

Demonstrating the endocrine like nature of adipose tissue, this book― Looks at the direct relation between adipokines and inflammationPrice: $ The American Obesity Association identifies obesity's link to numerous medical conditions, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, several cancers, and a host of inflammatory disorders.

Evidence indicates that inflammation has more than a corollary relation with obesity; that in fact, obesity itself manifests a low-grade, mReviews: 1. Adipose Tissue and Inflammation (Oxidative Stress and Disease Book 28) - Kindle edition by Awad, Atif B., Bradford, Peter G.

Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Adipose Tissue and Inflammation (Oxidative Stress and Disease Book 28).Manufacturer: CRC Press.

Bringing together the research and findings of leading experts from across the world, Adipose Tissue and Inflammation focuses on the contribution of adipose tissue to local and systemic inflammation.

Demonstrating the endocrine like nature of adipose tissue, this book— Looks at the direct relation between adipokines and inflammation.

The field of adipose tissue biology has been expanding at a very rapid pace in the last few years. Numerous advances have been made since publication of the first edition of this book, in terms of basic adipocyte biology, understanding of the determinants of obesity, distribution of body fat and weight loss, as well as the mechanisms linking excess adiposity to various co-morbidities.

The expression of mRNA MCP-1 in visceral adipose tissue was positively correlated with body mass index (r =p = ) but not with HOMA-IR, whereas TNF-α in visceral adipose tissue was. In book: Adipose Tissue Inflammation and Metabolic Disorders we describe how the cross talk between adipose tissue inflammation and the non-adipocyte resident cells present in tissue is.

The adipose organ / Saverio Cinti and Roberto Vettor --Adipose tissue as endocrine organ / Kerry B. Goralski and Christopher J. Sinal --Epidemiology of obesity / Michael J. LaMonte --Inflammatory and anti-inflammatory mediators secreted by adipose tissue / Herbert Tilg and Alexander R.

Moschen --Adipokines and inflammation / Melissa E. Gove and. Adipose Tissue Inflammation. In obesity, adipose white tissue is the target of major cellular and structural modification. Macrophages are major components of the stromal vascular fraction of adipose tissue and contribute to the low-grade inflammation that occurs with obesity.

Adipose tissue has traditionally been classified into white- and brown-type adipose tissue, although a third type of inducible brownlike adipose tissue or {"}beige{"} has emerged.

Chronic nutrient excess leads to the expansion and dysfunction of white adipose tissue, especially in the visceral : Xavier S. Revelo, Helen Luck, Shawn Winer, Daniel A. Winer. Following a look at adipose tissue development and morphology, the authors go on to examine its metabolic and endocrine functions and its role in disease.

The final section deals with comparative and evolutionary aspects of the tissue. This book brings together many leading experts in the field to provide an up to date and comprehensive review of the key aspects of adipose tissue.

It therefore includes chapters on evolution, development and inflammation together with a detailed review of brown and beige adipose tissue biology and their potential significance in preventing or. Juge-Aubry CE, Somm E, Giusti V, Pernin A, Chicheportiche R, Verdumo C, et al. Adipose tissue is a major source of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist: upregulation in obesity and inflammation.

Diabetes. ;52(5)–Cited by: 6. Adipose tissue is located in several anatomical locations. These include subcutaneous adipose tissue, which is located under the skin and stores ~ 80% of total body fat with the major stores found in the upper (abdominal, subscapular fat) and lower body (gluteal–femoral fat).

Intraabdominal adipose tissues include the visceral adipose tissue located around the digestive organs (mesenteric. This book is designed to provide a comprehensive insight into current perspectives and challenges in adipose tissue biology.

In Adipose Tissue Biology, scientists and clinicians discuss adipocyte precursors, differentiation and growth, brown and white adipose tissue, gender, inflammation, dietary and genetic determinants of fat mass, together with evolutionary and developmental aspects.

Chronic inflammation is a common feature of obesity and MetS and predominantly results from metabolic tissue stress caused by weight gain and adipose tissue dysfunction (8, 14). Excess nutrient intake requires adipose tissue expansion to accommodate the increased influx of nutrients—a process that depends upon insulin-mediated energy storage Cited by:   Adipose Tissue and Inflammation book.

Edited By Atif B. Awad, Peter G. Bradford. Edition 1st Edition. First Published eBook Published 8 October Growth Hormone as Modulator of Adipose Inflammation.

View abstract. chapter 8 | 22 pages Glucocorticoids as Modulators of Adipose Inflammation. View by: Over the past decade, adipose tissue has garnered considerable attention as a tissue source of cells for use in regenerative medicine [1,2].As a result, literature on the isolation, characterization and preclinical application of adipose-derived cells has increased exponentially [3–9].Two major populations have been evaluated by: Adipose Tissue as Endocrine Organ The global prevalence of obesity has increased at an alarming rate, particularly in the highly developed countries of North America and Europe.

This excess adiposity is associated with various negative psychosocial impacts and is a primary cause of disability, reduced economic productivity, and shortened life Author: Atif B. Awad, Peter G. Bradford. Though historically regarded as an inert energy store, adipose tissue is a complex endocrine organ, which is increasingly implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

Accumulating evidence points to visceral adipose tissue and specifically to its mesenteric component, or “creeping fat” as impacting on the disease course through its immunomodulatory : Piotr Eder, Maciej Adler, Agnieszka Dobrowolska, Julian Kamhieh-Milz, Janusz Witowski.

Demonstrating the endocrine like nature of adipose tissue, this book— Looks at the direct relation between adipokines and inflammation Examines the role of adipose secreted hormones as mediators of inflammation Details the inflammatory actions of adiponectin, leptin, and resistin Discusses insulin and dietary fatty acids as modulators of.

This issue of Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics, guest edited by Drs. Caroline M. Apovian and Nawfal Istfan, is devoted to Obesity. Articles in this comprehensive issue include: Guidelines for Obesity Management; Obesity is a Disease; Pharmacotherapy for Obesity; Bariatric Surgery Mechanisms; Diabetes Treatment in the Patient with Obesity; Adipose Tissue: Inflammation and the Format: E-Book.The contribution of the different adipose tissue depots, the discovery of the function of molecules such as MCP-1, the involvement of the inflammasome, or the dual effect of macrophage polarization has greatly contributed to the improved understating produced in the last years, of the role played by adipose tissue inflammation in the.